The State Election Commission (SEC),
Rajasthan was constituted in July 1994 under Article 243K of the
Constitution of India. The SEC is a single member Commission headed
by the State Election Commissioner. It has a Secretary who is also
the Chief Electoral Officer for the State. The Commission discharges
its Constitutional duty by way of preparing electoral rolls and
holding elections for Panchayati Raj Institutions as well as for
Free and fair elections are the
foundation of a healthy democracy. The State Election Commission is
the Constitutional body responsible for conducting and supervising
elections to the local bodies in the State.
Elections to Panchayati Raj
Institutions (P.R.Is) are being held in Rajasthan since 1960. The
first election was conducted in 1960 by the Panchayat Department.
Thereafter, the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th
elections in the years 1965, 1978, 1981 and 1988 were conducted by
the Election Department. The 6th and 7th
general elections to the PRIs were conducted by the SEC in 1995 and
2000. The 8th general elections have been conducted by
the SEC in January and February, 2005.
Elections to Municipal bodies are
being held in Rajasthan since 1960 by local self department. The 1st
election was conducted by Election Department in 1963. Thereafter in
some group of Municipal bodies elections were conducted by the
Election Department in 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1982, 1986. General
Elections to 45 Municipal bodies were conducted by the SEC in 1994
and to 137 Municipal bodies in 1995. Thereafter the general election
to these bodies were again held in 1999-2000. The last general
election for 45 Municipal bodies have been conducted by the SEC in
Rajasthan has a three-tier system of
Panchayati Raj with 32 Zila Parishads (District level), 237
Panchayat Samities (Block level) and 9188 Panchayats (Village level,
comprising of a village or a group of villages). Each Zila Parishad
has territorial constituencies. A Zila Parishad having population
upto 4 lacs has 17 constituencies and in case the population exceeds
4 lacs, then for every one lac or part of these in excess of 4 lacs,
the number of constituencies will increase by two. The 32 Zila
Parishads at present have 1008 constituencies.
Similarly, Panchayat Samities also
have territorial constituencies. A Panchayat Samiti having
population upto one lac consists of 15 constituencies and in case
the population exceeds one lac then for every 15000 or part thereof
in excess of one lac the number of constituencies increases by two.
The 237 Panchayat Samities are presently divided into 5257
Each Panchayat has been divided into
wards. The 9188 Panchayats at present have 105257 wards.
In Rajasthan, urban local bodies are
called Municipalities, Municipal Councils and Municipal
Corporations. The Commission discharges its constitutional duty by
way of preparing electoral rolls and holding elections for Municipal
bodies under Article 243ZA. At present, Rajasthan has 183 Municipal
bodies with 4816 territorial constituencies.